Daerah Khusus Ibukota (DKI) Jakarta, the ‘Special Area of the Capital City Jakarta’ Pavilion presents a modern building, an imitation of the lower section of the National Monument, the original of which can be found at the National Monument Park in front of the ‘Merdeka Palace’ (the official palace of the President of the Republic of Indonesia).
The building consists of two floors used as exhibition rooms. The first floor displays the social, economical and cultural aspects of the life of the ‘Betawi’ community in the past, in the form of a diorama, among others a ceremony escorting the ‘pengantin sunat’ (escorting a boy to be circumsized) entertained by an ‘ondel-ondel’ (giant traditional Betawi puppets). There is also a display of one part of a traditional wedding ceremony, a procession of the bridegroom going to the bride’s house escorted by ‘rebana ketimping’ (tambourine) music and a procession carrying gifts led by someone who will also axt as the spokesman, accompanied by a close relative of the bridegroom and a person who will act as the ‘pembuka pintu’ (someone who will ask the door to be opened). Moreover, also exhibited a ‘gado-gado’ (kind of salad with peanut sauce) seller, a ‘delman’ (two wheeled buggy) with the coachman and his horse, formerly the Betawi transportation vehicle, the economic existence such as the market and ‘warung’ (stall) in the village with the vegetable sellers, fruit sellers, Chinese traders selling religious duties articles such as the ‘sajadah’ (Moslem’s prayer rug) and the ‘Al-Quran’, ‘Betawi’ aboriginal inhabitants sitting, chatting and drinking coffee in the office stalls, life in the fishery village in the ‘Marunda’ beach, and the existence of simple technology, among others a blacksmith and handicrafts maker at the outskirts of Jakarta.
The second floor is used to display the development of the city and community of Jakarta from the prehistoric era up to 1975, in photographs, slides and other visual aids, supplemented by perspective paintings, aerial photo of Jakarta focusing on important regions and an exhibition of a panel rotary photograph of segments of the life of children in Jakarta. This floor also exhibits ‘Betawi’ costumes from the 19th century in three styles and four other different styles : ‘Abang’ (Mister) and ‘None’ (Miss) Jakarta, a ‘Betawi’ wedding costume, daily dresses and the costume of a ‘pendekar’(master of swordmanship); also the ‘Tambun’ wayang kulit (shadow play with leather puppets), the ‘ondel-ondel’ (giant puppets) mask, masks of the ‘tari topeng’ (mask dance), typical ‘Betawi’ musical instruments, and some of archeological relics of Jakarta.
On the right side of the main building lies a Betawi house in the ‘kebaya’ style, the front section is used as a cafeteria and to display the products of small-scale industry. At the north-rear section is a stage to perform regional art.
In the ‘Sanggar Krida Wanita Jaya Raya’ (Jaya Raya Women Workshop) which is a part of the Jakarta Pavilion, amodel of Betawi house has been built in the ‘Joglo’ style. It is rectangular in shape, have a measurement of 7x15 m on a 4.000 m2 area. The front section is an open foyer called ‘paseban’ with a fence named ‘lankban’ made of carved teak wood and used to receive guests. The next room is used to receive female guests; it has a folding partition which can be opened to make the room larger. Behind this room is the bedroom (pangken) with all the outfit, a storage place to store rice (pendaringan) and a small wooden couch (bale-bale) to put things on. Next to ‘pendaringan’ is a ‘tapang’, a small room with a multipurpose couch. On the left side to the ‘pendaringan’ is a kitchen with a clay stove with three holes, a piece of bamboo to blow on fire and a number of kitchen equipments. The bathroom is at the back and also a passageway to go in and out.
The Jaya Raya Women Workshop building is used to exhibit the creation or products of the women assembled in the ‘PKK” (program at village level to educate women on various aspects of family welfare) from the five regions in Jakarta.
The Betawi Pavilion also presents traditional arts among others : ‘lenong’ (folk theater), the ‘blantik’ (broker) mask, the ‘tari topeng’ (mask dance), ‘ondel-ondel’, the ‘tari ronggeng topeng’ (mask ronggeng – professional dancing and singing girl) dance, ‘sambrah’ , ‘rebana’, ‘gambang kromong’, ‘tanjidor’, (all of them are traditional music) and the ‘Betawi wayang kulit’ (shadow play with leather puppets). Moreover, a variety of typical Betawi dishes such as ‘asinan’ (salted vegetables), ‘tauge goreng’ (fried bean sprouts), ‘laksa’ (thin rice noodles in coconut spicy sauce) and the ‘kerak telor’ (rice crust prepared with eggs) are also available at the Pavilion.